Parable of the murderous winegrowers
M Mons. Vincenzo Paglia

Gospel (Mk 12,1-12) - At that time, Jesus began to speak in parables [to the chief priests, scribes and elders]: «A man planted a vineyard, surrounded it with a hedge, dug a hole for the wine press and built a tower. He rented it to some farmers and went far away. »At the right time he sent a servant to the farmers to collect from them his share of the vineyard harvest. But they took him, beat him and sent him away empty-handed. He again sent them another servant: they also beat him on the head and insulted him. He sent another, and they killed this one; then many others: some they beat, others they killed. He still had one, a beloved son; he sent him to them last, saying: «They will have respect for my son!». But those farmers said among themselves: «This is the heir. Come on, let's kill him and the inheritance will be ours." They took him, killed him and threw him out of the vineyard. »What then will the owner of the vineyard do? He will come and make the farmers die and give the vineyard to others. Have you not read this Scripture: “The stone that the builders rejected has become the cornerstone; this was done by the Lord and it is a marvel in our eyes"?". And they sought to capture him, but they were afraid of the crowd; in fact they understood that he had said that parable against them. They left him and went away.

The commentary on the Gospel by Monsignor Vincenzo Paglia

Jesus, faced with the refusal of the people's leaders to accept his authority over their lives, tells the parable of the murderous winegrowers. The listeners know very well what the vineyard is: the people of Israel. The prophets have often spoken about it. And everyone also knows well that the Lord is the master who planted, cared for and cultivated it. Jesus presents himself as the son sent to save the vineyard cared for and loved by God. Jesus saves it from the arrogant even at the cost of being hunted and killed. It is not the role that supports the authority of Jesus, but rather his love and service until death. This is the source from which the authority that presides over the life of the Christian community flows. And Jesus is the highest manifestation of this. He loves his own, those that the Father has given him, more than his own life. This is why he has authority over the vineyard. The chief priests tried to capture him, but they were afraid, Mark writes. They are not the ones who put him to death; it is Jesus himself who "gives himself up" so that the vineyard is not only not abandoned, but grows and bears much fruit. How can you not welcome a man who he loves in such a great way? In the violent death of the heir, the beloved son, the Passion of Jesus is already foreshadowed. However, the Gospel also announces that the owner of the vineyard will come and give it to others. The others are us, the disciples of Jesus, who everywhere in the world are called to look after and serve the Lord's vineyard so that it bears fruit for everyone.